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2013年12月大學英語四六級備考講座


來源:長春大學生家教網 日期:2014-01-09

201312月大學英語四六級備考講座

                 主講人: 北京外國語大學 何凱文

        請閱讀講義和視頻前點擊必讀

一.Listening Comprehension

Part 1 .Short Conversation  

幾種思維

1.  主題思維: 上文提到一件事情(用一般疑問句進行提問),這就是對話主題。下文會給

出肯定或者是否定的回答。掌握肯定和否定的表達方法。

2.  否定思維:評價性否定;事實性否定;邀請性否定

3.  聽到什么不選什么的思維:安全感的獲得

真題示例:

Eg1.             A) Taking photographs  .       B) Enhancing images.

C) Mending cameras.           D) Painting pictures.

聽力原文:      W: Do you let people know when you're taking pictures of them?

M: I try not to. You know any picture of a person who poses for the camera would look dull and unnatural.

Q: What are the speakers talking about?

Eg2 .            A) Get some small change.  B) Find a shopping center.

C) Cash a check at a bank.   D) Find a parking meter.

聽力原文:      M: Excuse me, do you have change for a ten-dollar note? I need to pay the parking meter.

W: I'm sorry, but I think you can get it through the money changer in the shopping center across the street.

Q: What is the man trying to do?

Eg3 .            A) Shopping with his son.    B) Buying a gift for a child.

C) Promoting a new product.  D) Bargaining with a salesgirl.

聽力原文:      M: Can you recommend something that a school boy of 7 or 8 will really like?

W: I'd suggest this toy train, sir. It's an excellent brand, very popular all over the world these days.

Q: What is the man doing?

Eg4.                  A) Looking for a timetable        B) Buying the furniture

                C) Reserving a table             D) Window shopping

聽力原文:      M: Have a table for four?

                W: Certainly, sir. A corner table or would you rather be near the window?

                Q: What is the man doing?

Eg5.                  A) He moved to Baltimore when he was young.

B) He can provide little useful information.

C) He will show the woman around Baltimore.

D) He will ask someone else to help the woman.

聽力原文:    W: I need to talk to someone who knows Baltimore well. I'm told you lived there.

M: Oh, but I was really young at the time.

Q: What does the man mean?

Eg6.             A) He is rather disappointed.        B) He is highly ambitious.

C) He can’t face up to the situation.   D) He knows his own limitations.

 

聽力原文:     W: Aren't you disappointed that you didn't get the promotion?

M: Maybe a little, but I know I need more experience before I'm ready for that kind of responsibility.

Q: What do we learn about the man from this conversation?

Eg7.                 A) She bought a new set of furniture from Italy last month.

              B) She sold all her furniture before she moved house.

C) She plans to put all her old furniture in the basement.

D) She still keeps some old furniture in her new house.

聽力原文:    M:  Did you really give away all your furniture when you moved into the new house last month?

W:  Just the useless pieces, as I’m planning to purchase a new set from Italy for the sitting room only.

Q: What does the woman mean?

Eg8.          A) He has got a heart attack.      B) He was badly hurt.

C) He was unharmed.           D) He has fully recovered from the shock.

聽力原文:    W: Were you hurt in the accident?

M: I was shocked at the time, but wasn't hurt at all. My bike was totally damaged though.

Q: What do we know about the man?

Eg9.         A) John Smith isn't in right now. 

             B) John Smith can't come to the phone right now.

             C) John Smith doesn't want to speak to the caller.

             D) The caller dialed the wrong number.

Eg10.        A) She wants to take the most direct way.

             B) She may be late for the football game.

             C) She is worried about missing her flight.

             D) She is currently caught in a traffic jam.

聽力原文:  W: Airport, please. I’m running a little late. So just take the fastest way even if it’s not the most direct.

M: Sure, but there is a lot of traffic everywhere today because of the football game.

Q: What do we learn about the woman from the conversation?

Eg 11.        A) He is an experienced sales manager.

             B) He is being interviewed for a job.

             C) He is not in a vacant position.

             D) He is good at answering tricky questions.

聽力原文:   W: now one more question if you don’t mind, what position in the company appeals to you most?

M: Well, I’d like the position of sales manager if that position is still vacant.

Q: What do we learn about the man?

 

 

Part 2.  Long Conversation

一、抓住首尾句

   【預覽選項】

  [A] To go sightseeing.            [B] To have meetings.

  [C] To promote a new champagne.  [D] To join in a training program.

  【邊聽邊選】

  M: Hi, Ann, welcome back. How’s your trip to the states?

  W: Very busy, [19]I had a lot of meetings.

19. Why did the woman go to New York?

二、留意對話中的一問一答

  【預覽選項】

[A] Data collection.         [B] Training consultancy.

[C] Corporate management.  [D] Information processing.

  【邊聽邊選】

   W: What’s your line of business, Mr. Johnson?

   M: We are a training consultancy.

   25. What is the man’s line of business?

Part 3. Passages

【預覽選項】

29.   A) Michael’s parents got divorced.       B) Karen was adopted by Ray Anderson.

C) Karen’s mother died in a car accident.  D) A truck driver lost his life in a collision.

【邊聽邊選】

The impact of the collision killed Karen’s mother instantly, but she was left trapped in the burning car.

【預覽選項】

A) At a local club.     C)At the sports center

B) At Joe’s house.     D)At the bearing school.

【邊聽邊選】

Joe is a day student, but I am a boarding student. We haven’t been in same classes, sports or extra-curricular activities. Nonetheless, I spend nearly every weekend at his house and we talk on the phone every night.

【預覽選項】

A) Kevin is nine years old                 B) Kevin is handsome

C) Kevin is single                        D) Kevin is lack of efficiency

Part 4. Dictation

26.                 27.                     28.                    29.
30.                 31.                     32.                    33.
34.                 35.

 

 

 

 

 

 

二.Writing

內容;結構;語言;

內容預測:參見何凱文QQ空間:576728297

              新浪微博:      何凱文

結構預測:兩種結構的文章:正反觀點對立型和社會熱點型文章;

語言預測:常見句型表達;

開頭句式背景句:

1.There is no consensus of opinions among people as to … some people tend to have a favorable attitude toward…While, others have an unpleasant association with…

2. Recently, the issue of ...... has been brought into public focus.

近來,_______的問題引起了社會的廣泛關注。

3. Recently the issue of (whether …or not) has been in the limelight(成為引人注目的中心) and has aroused wide concern in the public.

  近來,是否_______的問題已經非常明確而且引起了社會的廣泛關注。

4. Along with the advance of the society more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of which is ....

  隨著社會的不斷發展,出現了越來越多的問題,其中之一便是____________。

中間句式過渡句:

1.Most of us ,however,have formed a different picture of…some people think they are beneficial, while others hold the opposite view.

2.And we rarely reach an absolute consensus on such a controversial issue.

  對于這種極具爭議的話題,我們很難作出絕對的回答。

3.People from different backgrounds would put different interpretations on the same case.

不同行業的人對同一種問題的解釋不盡相同。

4. harbor the idea that,

  take the attitude that,

  hold the view that, 認為

結尾句式總結句:

1.Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures.

2.As far as I am concerned, I am inclined to be on the side of the former view.

  在我看來,我較同意前一種觀點。

3.After a thorough consideration, for my part, I am in favor of the former view.

 經過深思熟慮,我較支持前一種看法

三.Reading

Section B
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

Universities Branch Out

A)  As never before in their long history, universities have become instruments of national competition as well as instruments of peace. They are the place of the scientific discoveries that move economies forward, and the primary means of educating the talent required to obtain and maintain competitive advantage. But at the same time, the opening of national borders to the flow of goods, services, information and especially people has made universities a powerful force for global integration, mutual understanding and geopolitical stability.

B)  In response to the same forces that have driven the world economy, universities have become more self-consciously global: seeking students from around the world who represent the entire range of cultures and values, sending their own students abroad to prepare them for global careers, offering courses of study that address the challenges of an interconnected world and collaborative (合作的) research programs to advance science for the benefit of all humanity.

C)  Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study abroad has grown at an annual rate of 3.9 percent, from 800,000 in 1975 to 2.5 million in 2004. Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed countries is growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America’s best institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly hired faculty members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad.

D)  Universities are also encouraging students to spend some of their undergraduate years in another country. In Europe, more than 140,000 students participate in the Erasmus program each year, taking courses for credit in one of 2,200 participating institutions across the continent. And in the United States, institutions are helping place students in summer internships (實習) abroad to prepare them for global careers. Yale and Harvard have led the way, offering every undergraduate at least one international study or internship opportunity—and providing the financial resources to make it possible.

E)  Globalization is also reshaping the way research is done. One new trend involves sourcing portions of a research program to another country. Yale professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Tian Xu directs a research center focused on the genetics of human disease at Shanghai’s Fudan University, in collaboration with faculty colleagues from both schools. The Shanghai center has 95 employees and graduate students working in a 4,300-square-meter laboratory facility. Yale faculty, postdoctors and graduate students visit regularly and attend videoconference seminars with scientists from both campuses. The arrangement benefits both countries; Xu’s Yale lab is more productive, thanks to the lower costs of conducting research in China, and Chinese graduate students, postdoctors and faculty get on-the-job training from a world-class scientist and his U.S. team.

F)  As a result of its strength in science, the United States has consistently led the world in the commercialization of major new technologies, from the mainframe computer and the integrated circuit of the 1960s to the Internet infrastructure (基 礎 設 施 ) and applications software of the 1990s. The link between university-based science and industrial application is often indirect but sometimes highly visible: Silicon Valley was intentionally created by Stanford University, and Route 128 outside Boston has long housed companies spun off from MIT and Harvard. Around the world, governments have encouraged copying of this model, perhaps most successfully in Cambridge, England, where Microsoft and scores of other leading software and biotechnology companies have set up shop around the university.

G)  For all its success, the United States remains deeply hesitant about sustaining the research-university model. Most politicians recognize the link between investment in science and national economic strength, but support for research funding has been unsteady. The budget of the National Institutes of Health doubled between 1998 and 2003, but has risen more slowly than inflation since then. Support for the physical sciences and engineering barely kept pace with inflation during that same period. The attempt to make up lost ground is welcome, but the nation would be better served by steady, predictable increases in science funding at the rate of long-term GDP growth, which is on the order of inflation plus 3 percent per year.

H)  American politicians have great difficulty recognizing that admitting more foreign students can greatly promote the national interest by increasing international understanding. Adjusted for inflation, public funding for international exchanges and foreign-language study is well below the levels of 40 years ago. In the wake of September 11, changes in the visa process caused a dramatic decline in the number of foreign students seeking admission to U.S. universities, and a corresponding surge in enrollments in Australia, Singapore and the U.K. Objections from American university and business leaders led to improvements in the process and a reversal of the decline, but the United States is still seen by many as unwelcoming to international students.

I) Most Americans recognize that universities contribute to the nation’s well-being through their scientific research, but many fear that foreign students threaten American competitiveness by taking their knowledge and skills back home. They fail to grasp that welcoming foreign students to the United States has two important positive effects: first, the very best of them stay in the States and—like immigrants throughout history—strengthen the nation; and second, foreign students who study in the United States become ambassadors for many of its most cherished (珍視) values when they return home. Or at least they understand them better. In America as elsewhere, few instruments of foreign policy are as effective in promoting peace and stability as welcoming international university students.

注意:此部分試題請在答題卡 2 上作答。

46. American universities prepare their undergraduates for global careers by giving them chances for international study or internship.

47. Since the mid-1970s, the enrollment of overseas students has increased at an annual rate of 3.9 percent.

48. The enrollment of international students will have a positive impact on America rather than threaten its competitiveness.

49. The way research is carried out in universities has changed as a result of globalization.

50. Of the newly hired professors in science and engineering in the United States, twenty percent come from foreign countries.

51. The number of foreign students applying to U.S. universities decreased sharply after September 11 due to changes in the visa process.

52. The U.S. federal funding for research has been unsteady for years.

53. Around the world, governments encourage the model of linking university-based science and industrial application.

54. Present-day universities have become a powerful force for global integration.

55. When foreign students leave America, they will bring American values back to their home countries.

解題要訣:主題;定位;句子理解;

主題的強大:

Eg1.主題句:

We sometimes think humans are uniquely vulnerable to anxiety, but stress seems to affect the immune defenses of lower animals too.

One of the most startling examples of how the mind can alter the immune response was discovered by chance.

題目:1.  The passage tells us that the most probable reason for the death of the mice in Ader’s experiment was that ________.

A) they had been weakened psychologically by the saccharin

B) the sweetener was poisonous to them

C) their immune systems had been altered by the mind

D) they had taken too much sweetener during earlier conditioning

2.    It can be concluded from the passage that the immune systems of animals ________.

A) can be weakened by mind    B) can be suppressed by drug injections

C) can be affected by frequent doses of saccharin

D) can be altered by electric shocks

Eg2. 主題詞:weak dollar

52. Why do Americans feel humiliated?

A.Their economy is plunging   

B.Their currency has slumped

  C.They can't afford trips to Europe   

D. They have lost half of their assets.

53.How does the current dollar affect the life of ordinary Americans?

A.They have to cancel their vacations in New York.

  B.They find it unaffordable to dine in mom-and-pop restaurants.

  C.They have to spend more money when buying imported goods.

  D.They might lose their jobs due to potential economic problems.

54. How do many Europeans feel about the U.S with the devalued dollar?

A.They feel contemptuous of it  

B.They are sympathetic with it.

C.They regard it as a superpower on the decline.

D.They think of it as a good tourist destination.

55. what is the author's advice to Americans?

A.They treat the dollar with a little respect  

B.They try to win in the weak-dollar gamble

C.They vacation at home rather than abroad 

D.They treasure their marriages all the more.

特別提示:對于句子結構的把握,找出句子主干

主謂隔離:句子開頭的第一個獨立名詞(前面沒有關聯詞和介詞),為句子主語應該和其匹配的動詞在一起。

1.But for many, the fact that poor people are able to support themselves almost as well without government aid as they did with it is in itself a huge victory.

2. The fact that artisans, who were looked on as mechanics or skilled workers in the eighteenth century, are frequently considered artists today is directly attributable to the Arts and Crafts Movement of the nineteenth century.

長難句更多解析參見何凱文老師編著《考研英語長難句解密》

更多時文可參見何凱文老師編著《考研英語閱讀同源外刊時文精析》

見空間:576728297

Part IV Translation (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

剪紙(paper cutting)是中國最為流行的傳統民間藝術形式之一。中國剪紙 有一千五百多年的歷史,在明朝和清朝時期(the Ming and Qing Dynasties)特別 流行。人們常用剪紙美化居家環境。特別是在春節和婚慶期間,剪紙被用來裝飾 門窗和房間,以增加喜慶的氣氛。剪紙最常用的顏色是紅色,象征健康和興旺。 中國剪紙在世界各地很受歡迎,經常被用作饋贈外國友人的禮物。

Part IV Translation

Paper cutting is one of China’s most popular traditional folk arts. Chinese paper cutting has a history of more than 1,500 years. It was widespread particularly during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. People often beautify their homes with paper cuttings. During the Spring Festival and wedding celebrations, in particular, paper cuttings are used to decorate doors, windows and rooms in order to enhance the joyous atmosphere. The color most frequently used in paper cutting is red, which symbolizes health and prosperity. Chinese paper cutting is very popular around the world and it is often given as a present to foreign friends.

附錄:2013年12月四六級作文中一定能用到的句子:

1. 生活時間角度

(1) we have been always considering sth (recreational activities) as something to relax ourselves or something that can add color to the dull routine of every day life.

    我們一直認為娛樂活動可以讓我們放松,可以為我們每天枯燥的生活增添一些色彩。

(2) Sth will make our life more enjoyable, that is to say, sth can add color to the dull routine of every day life.

    Sth可以使我們的生活更加有樂趣,也就是說,sth為我們每天枯燥的生活增添了一些色彩。

(3) For the majority of people, reading or learning a new skill has become the focus of their lives and the source of their happiness and contentment

    對大多數人來講,閱讀或學習一項新技術已成為他們生活的中心和快樂的來源

(4)Furthermore, students living in their own home would have access to a comfortable life and have more opportunities to communicate with their parents, which have beneficial impact on development of their personal character.

  而且,學生生活在自己家中,有舒適的生活,并有更多機會和父母交流,這對他們個性的培養是有利的。

(5) sth, by occupying spare time so constructively, makes a person contented, with no time for boredom.

  Sth 很有建設意義的占據了人們的空余時間,使得人們很滿足,進而沒有時間來覺得無聊。(6)Sth does not occupy students’ too much time. In fact, it is unhealthy for them to spend all of time on their study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

     Sth 不會占據學生太多的時間.實際上讓他們把所有的時間都花在學習上也是不健康的,就如一句俗話所說:勞逸結合。

(7)What‘s more, living in school can save them a great deal of time on the way between home and school everyday, so they would be able to concentrate more time and energy on their academic work.

  而且,生活在學校里能節省大量每天往返于學校和家的路上的時間,這會使他們有更多的時間和精力放在學習上。

(8)Furthermore, students living in their own home would have access to a comfortable life and have more opportunities to communicate with their parents, which have beneficial impact on development of their personal character.

  而且,學生生活在自己家中,有舒適的生活,并有更多機會和父母交流,這對他們個性的培養是有利的。

2.知識經驗角度

(1)Little by little, our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened.

逐漸的,我們的知識會得到增加,我們的視野將會大大的拓寬。

(2)For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful life style, it is important to find time to learn certain new knowledge. Just as an old saying goes: it is never too late to learn.

對于那些想過上健康而有意義的生活的人們來說,找時間學習一些新知識是很重要的,正如那句老話:活到老,學到老

(3)The majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.

大部分學生相信業余工作會使他們有更多機會發展人際交往能力,而這對他們未來找工作是非常有好處的。

(4)Many parents believe that additional educational activities enjoy obvious advantage. By extra studies, they maintain, their children are able to obtain many kinds of practical skills and useful knowledge, which will put them in a beneficial position in the future job markets when they grow up.

許多家長相信額外的教育活動有許多優點,通過學習,他們的孩子可以獲得很多實踐技能和有用的知識,當他們長大后,這些對他們就業是大有好處的。

(5)By taking a major-related part-job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks.

通過做一份和專業相關的工作,學生不僅能夠提高他們的專業能力,而且能獲得從課本上得不到的經驗。

(6)Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that learning new skills and knowledge contributes directly to enhancing their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.

現在越來越多的人開始相信學習新的技術和知識能直接幫助他們獲得工作就會或提升的機會。

(7)In the first place, extra studies bring about unhealthy impacts on physical growth of children. Educational experts point out that, it is equally important to take some sport activities instead of extra studies when children have spent the whole day in a boring classroom.

    首先,額外的學習對孩子們的身體發育是不利的。教育專家指出,孩子們在枯燥的教室里呆了一整天后,從事一些體育活動,而不是額外的學習,是非常重要的。

3.環境健康角度

(1)Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that some certain sports contribute directly to our health by giving us some physical exercises.

     現在越來越多的人開始相信體育鍛煉能有助于身體健康。

(2)As a matter of fact, travel has become part of our life. This situation is encouraging, for it not only broadens people's minds to the extend which may not be reached previously, but also relaxes them physically, which help people work out mental problems more actively.

     實際上,旅行已經成為我們生活的一個部分,這樣的情形是喜人的,因為旅行不僅可以拓寬人們的視野達到之前沒有達到的范圍,而且還可以在身體上得到放松,這能使人們更加積極的克服心理問題。

(3) Pollution poses a great threat to our existence.

    污染對我們的生存造成巨大威脅。

  Some of the…are poisonous and dangerous to health.

(4)Environmental experts point out that increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet.

  環境學家指出:持續增加的污染不僅會導致像全球變暖這樣嚴重的問題,而且還將威脅到人類在這個星球的生存。

(5)…Under considerable pressure from… therefore…will only add to their burden.

   在這樣的壓力之下,所以會增加他們的負擔。

(6) I see three kinds of pressure working on people today: pressure from education, family and career. It is easy to blame the school for charging too much money, the family members for the heavy burden, the society for the fierce competition. I think people should relax. It is important for them to keep a good mood under whatever circumstances.

我能看到今天人們身上的三種壓力,教育的壓力,家庭和職業的壓力。學校所收學費太貴,家庭成員負擔過重,來自社會的激烈競爭。我認為人們應該放松,他們他們來說,在任何環境下保持一個好的情緒是很重要的。

(7)Moreover, children will have less time to play and communicate with their peers due to extra studies, consequently, it is difficult to develop and cultivate their character and interpersonal skills. They may become more solitary and even suffer from certain mental illness.

  而且,由于要額外地學習,孩子們沒有多少時間和同齡的孩子玩耍和交流,很難培養他們的個性和交際能力。他們可能變得孤僻甚至產生某些心理疾病。

4.合作角度

(1)sth can give students team-spirit and teach them how to cooperate with others. Because in those activities, students usually need to cooperate with others in order to get good achievement.

Sth 可以賦予學生們團隊精神,并教會他們學會與人合作。因為在這些活動中,學生通常需要相互合作目的是得到提高。

5.科技發展環境角度

(1)In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past.

 在過去的幾十年,先進的醫療技術已經使得人們比過去活的時間更長成為可能。

(2)Admittedly, this limit has made it possible for the public to realize the importance of environmental protection and enable we Chinese people to cherish the beauty of our communities.

可以承認,這一限制已經使得公眾認識到環境保護的重要性,并且使得我們中國人去珍惜我們美麗的社區。

(3)Although many people claim that, along with the rapid economic development, the number of people who use bicycle is decreasing and bicycle is bound to die out. The information I’ve collected over the recent years leads me to believe that bicycle will continue to play extremely important roles in modern society.

雖然很多人承認,隨著經濟的快速發展,使用自行車的人數正在下降,自行車一定會消失。根據我最近幾年所收集到的信息使我相信自行車會在現代社會中扮演一個非常重要的角色。

6.成長成功

(1)Most people are under the illusion that a college degree guarantees success. There is no such guarantee without hard work.

許多人錯誤地認為大學學位能保證成功。不努力工作就沒有這樣的保證。

(2)While the inclination to procrastinate is common, one must fully consider the detrimental impact of unnecessary delays.

雖然拖延的傾向是普遍的,但是人們應該充分考慮到不必要的延誤造成的有害影響。

(3)The tendency to take things for granted is understandable, but the need for one to rationally evaluate the circumstances of any situation is absolutely essential.

想當然的傾向是可以理解的,但是,理智地估計任何情形的情況是完全必需的。

(4)From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that,  although the parents' desire to look after children by themselves is understandable, its disadvantages far outweigh the advantages.

通過以上討論,我們可以得出如下結論:盡管家長想親自照看孩子的愿望是可以理解的,但是這樣做的缺點遠大于優點。

 

 

(5) From what has been discussed above,  we may safely draw the conclusion that, although extra studies indeed enjoy many obvious advantages,  its disadvantages shouldn't be ignored and far outweigh its advantages. It is absurd to force children to take extra studies after school.

通過以上討論,我們可以得出結論:盡管額外學習的確有很多優點,但它的缺點不可忽視,且遠大于它的優點。因此,放學后強迫孩子額外學習是不明智的。(結論句式)

(6)While achieving success is easier said than done, persistence does in fact pay off. One of the most important traits of a successful person is self-confidence, another is desire, and still another is determination.

  獲得成功說起來比做起來容易,然而堅持不懈確實會有好結果。成功人士的最重要的特征之一是自信,第二是渴望,還有一個是決心。

(7)Independence offers many advantages, the first and foremost of which is self-determination.

獨立帶來很多好處,首先也是最重要的是自決

(8)There has been undesirable trend in recent years towards the worship of money . A recent survey showed that X percent of respondents ranked getting rich as their top priority , compared to X percent only a few years ago . Why do people fail to realize that wealth does not necessarily bring happiness?

  近年來出現了對社會有害的拜金主義傾向。最近的一項調查表明,X%的調查對象把致富作為他們的首選,相比之下,就在幾年前,只有X%的人這樣想。為什么人們沒能意識到財富不一定帶來幸福呢?

(9) Most people are of the opinion that wealth provides solutions to all problems. But in spite of the material benefits wealth provides , I believe one should abandon the pursuit of materialism and instead concentrate on the pursuit of happiness.

  大多數人認為財富為所有問題提供解決的辦法。但是,我認為,盡管財富提供物質上的利益,一個人應該放棄物質至上的追求,而是集中精力追求幸福。

7.社會宏觀

(1)China needs to reexamine the results of economic and social modernization in order to ascertain the benefits and indeed(表示加強含義) the detrimental aspects from a new perspective. Otherwise, various perceived accomplishments might in fact prove to be far from beneficial .

  中國需要重新檢查經濟和社會現代化帶來的結果以便從新的角度明確它們的好處,甚至是有害的方面。否則,許多我們以為取得的成就實際上可能完全不會帶來好處。(

(2)We must avoid overindulgence and conspicuous consumption . We must instead continue to recognize the benefits of thrift in order to protect our newfound prosperity.

  我們必須避免過分放縱和鋪張浪費。相反,我們應該繼續發揚節儉的優點以守護我們新獲得的繁榮。

(3)Many of the explanations offered thus far are at least to a certain extent valid, but none fully address the problem and the issue must be examined in a wider context.

     目前提供的許多解釋至少在一定程度上是正確的,但是,沒有一個解釋能完全處理問題,這件事情必須放在更廣闊的背景中考慮。

(4)There is little doubt that immediate action is required to eliminate the detrimental aspects of drunk driving once and forever.

     毫無疑問,必須立即采取行動徹底消除酒后駕車的危害

(5)Some months ago , a friend of mine was killed in a tragic automobile accident involving a drunk driver . The incident was far from rare , and was in fact typical of thousands of cases involving drunk driving

   幾個月前,我的一個朋友死于一場與酒后駕車有關的悲慘車禍。這件事情一點兒也不罕見,事實上是數以千計的酒后駕車案例的典型之一。

(6)It is high time we put an end to the deplorable practice of food contamination .

     我們早該杜絕食品污染這種應遭譴責的做法。

(7)The most striking conclusion that can be reached when weighing the advantages and disadvantages of the market economy is quite frankly prosperity.

   很坦率地說,在權衡市場經濟的利弊時能得出的最顯著的結論是繁榮。

(8)The ample evidence presented enables us to reasonably conclude that the scourge of AIDS will be brought under control in the foreseeable future.

   提出的充分證據使我們能夠合理地得出這樣的結論:艾滋病的禍害在可預見的將來就能得到控制

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

編輯者:長春大學生家教網(www.ppkkda.icu)



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